HORIZONAL PANORAMAS (cranckies)


The long pictorial strip is wound on a bobbin inside the cylindrical casing, and can be drawn out to its full length through a slot. A crude representation of movement can be achieved. The moving panorama was a development of the Panorama proper: rather than surrounding the viewer with an image on a massive scale, it used flat scenery moving past a static audience to give the impression of scanning a scene from side to side or travelling through an area, especially by train. This can be done with any flexible medium, paper digital prints, fabrics or drawings.


VERTICAL PANORAMAS

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Another variant on the Panorama was the large-scale model or perspective view, built on layers of theatrical-type scenery to give an impression of three-dimensional perspective. In this example, shown at one of London's public pleasure gardens in 1841, the Castell Sant'Angelo and Vatican are depicted receding away above the Tiber. The water in the foreground of the model, besides giving a lifelike representation of the river, serves the additional purposes of reflecting an image of the model and separating the audience from it.

GIGAPANS


Digital gigapan photography is done with a regular dslr attached to a gigapan (robotic) head that is programmed to pivot and tilt if fixed distances while taking multiple photographs. Accompanying software automatically stitches the photos together. The finished image is viewed online using a panotour browser.

PANORAMA EXHIBITIONS

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An entire building in Leicester Square 1801 (and in many other locations around Europe and America) was dedicated to displaying large scale panoramic paintings. The paintings depicted exotic journeys, or told the story of historic battles. The point of the architecture was to create for the viewer an elevated but controlled perspective, that gave the viewer an artificial sense of flying, elevation view usually reserved for the privledged classes. The panorama is thus credited with bringing the experience of elevation to the working classes, just as cinema evolved through architecture and perspective to bring the worlds most expensive art form to the masses.